IGNOU Previous 5 Year Question Paper


Feg1 june 2016

  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow

Managing Fire Tragedies

After 11 extensions, the one-man commission headed by Justice T.P. Garg (Retd.) is finally ready with its report on what was the worst fire tragedy the country has seen. Thirteen years ago, a devastating fire during an annual school function at a marriage hall at Dabwali town in Sirsa district of Haryana killed as many as 442 people, many of them children. Several others were disabled for life or had permanent burn injuries. The report, which has decided the quantum of compensation besides fixing liability, might bring some succour to the families of the victims or the survivors themselves. But it is a moot point whether any lessons have been learnt.

It is shocking, indeed, how cavalier is the country’s approach to such tragedies. In 2004, carelessness of the mid-day meal staff coupled with the negligence of the management led to the death of about 100 children at a primary school in Tamil Nadu.

Over 60 people perished in a fire at an air-conditioned consumer fair in Meerut. What makes these tragedies even more unfortunate is that they could have been averted if safety norms had been followed. Most buildings, including schools, do not follow the National Building Code on fire safety. Permission is given to fairs and other open-air functions in an arbitrary fashion, throwing caution to the wind. Mid-day meals are cooked in schools, especially in South India, with scant regard to safety. Often, the officials guilty of “criminal” negligence walk away scot-free.

How unconcerned governments are in bringing the guilty to book is borne out by the fact that it took three years to file an FIR against the defaulting officials in the Meerut tragedy. In Haryana, the then DC, Sirsa, who was accused and indicted for dereliction of duty received only token punishment and was later appointed a member of the Haryana Public Service Commission. While the State Governments must fix accountability, the compensation to the victims will have some meaning only if given expeditiously. To prevent such tragedies in future, there is an urgent need to review and implement fire-safety norms. Mock fire drills in schools and periodic fire safety audits, too, could ensure that buildings do not become fire-traps. “Safety saves” is not a slogan but a truth that heeds to be followed in letter and spirit.

(a) Answer the questions that follow : 5×2=10

(i) What brought some relief to the families of the deceased ?

(ii) How did the Tamil Nadu tragedy take place ?

(iii) Why is it said that the officials are unconcerned ?

(iv) Give an example quoted of total lack of concern by the government,

(v) How can such tragedies be prevented ?

(b) Find the words similar in meaning from the passage. 5×1=5

(i) Amount (para (ii) Help (pare 1)

(iii) Prevented (para. 3)

(iv) Not caring enough (para 3)

(v) Efficiently and fast (para 4)

  1. Do as directed. 10

(a) Ranjana aunty told Arjun, “What have you been doing in there ?” (Change into indirect speech)

(b) When a policeman (approach) them, they were all (sit) in the car. (Use the correct form of the verb)

(c) Nobody is looking after his father. (Change the voice)

(d) They rather die than submit to him. (Use the correct modal)

(e) This is no occasion (cry). (Use the non-fmite form of the verb)

(f) We worked hard (succeed). (Use the non-finite form of the verb)

(g) It is great thing to take pride in work you do. Even in humble tasks, we must always have drive to do well. (Fill in with the correct articles)

3.Correct the following sentences :

(a) The roles of both is interchangeable.

(b) Four persons were arrest when the tried to flee.

(c) He decided to went to Canada.

(d) Always believe things for be right unless proved wrong.

(e) Your favourite song is which ?

  1. Write an essay of about 200 words on any one of the following : 10

(a) Importance of Yoga

(b) A leader who inspires you the most

(c) An accident that caused deaths

(d) Cyber Threat

  1. Write a dialogue about any one of the following in 150 words : 10

(a) Between a mother and the School Principal about her child’s disregard for studies.

(b) Between two parents about the amount of time students spend on the Internet and social media.



Feg1 december 2015


  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow :

1    Roughly speaking, one may divide the history of dance into two periods : [a] from ed century B.C. to 9th century A.D., and [b] 10th century to the 18th century A.D. In the first period, tradition as formulated by the Natyasastra strictly adhered to dance; drama and music couldn’t be disassociated from one another. The available evidence suggests that the sculptors who produced the remarkable specimens of art in Sanchi, Mathura, Amravati an.d finally at Ellora, were well versed in the Natyasastra tradition. They or their masters have purposefully sought to depict some of the poses described in the Natyasastra specially the Charis. During this period we also find that not much stylization had been achieved because the outward bend of the thigh and knees had not become a stereotyped convention.


2    From the Sanskrit literature of the classical period, especially the Kavya and the Nataka, we gather that the poet and dramatist were equally well versed in the technical intricacies of dance. The tradition continues in literature beyond the 10thcentury A.D. until the writings of Rajasekhara. His Karpuramanjari is not only a dramatic tradition in Sanskrit but also a theatrical tradition. By Karpuramanjari’s time, it is evident that the pure drama form had given place to the musical form. The growth of the musical is important because it was this which generally determined dance and drama forms of the regional culture in the later medieval period. Medieval temples also provide ample evidence that sculptors had considerable technical knowledge of the art of dance. The Brihasdeswara temple in Tanjore was built in 11thcentury. It was here that karnas were first illustrated. The Oriyan temples of Parameswara and Rajarani belonged to this period: 9 thto 11th century. The charis (movement) and sthanas (position) described in the Natyasastra are elaborately depicted in the sculptures on the outer walls of these temples. Each temple portrays a variety of dance poses and movements which are accurate illustrations of either the original style or of texts which were followed by regional artists.


3    The dance continued to be divided into Natya and Nrittya on the one hand and to Tandava and Lasya on the other. Although they continued to follow broad principles, many distinctive regional styles evolved and each region ultimately developed a native vocabulary. This led to the formulation of different classical styles in India. The beginning of the contemporary classical styles, whether, Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Manipuri, Odissi, Kuchipudi or Kathak, can be traced back to the developments in the medieval period, roughly dating from 1300 to 1800 A.D.

4    The British system of education didn’t recognize the “arts” as a subject of educational curricula. The generations which went to the schools and colleges founded by the British in India in the 19thcentury were thus isolated from the art traditions of the country. The recent revival of interest in dance, developed as a sign of national pride in the glorious, indigenous art and culture helped the development and popularity of our dance styles. The storehouse was so rich and the layers of dust so weak that the sincere artist had only to dig a little to discover its essential luminosity. The digging continues and each time one delves deeper, a greater treasure is discovered.

(a) Answer the following questions : 5×2=10

(i) What are the two periods that dance can be divided into ?

(ii) Why is the growth of music important to the dance form ?

(iii) Give examples to prove that temples showed ample knowledge of the dance form.

(iv) What were the main divisions of the dance form ?

(v) What happened to the dance form during the British period ?

(b) Find words similar in meaning from the passage : 5×1=5

(i) Followed (para 1)

(ii) Show (para 1)

(iii) Clear (para 2)

(iv) Finally (para 3)

(v) Separated (para 4)


  1. Do as directed : 5×2=10

(a) It is important to work hard and show commitment. (Convert into an interrogative form of sentence)

(b) If student is interested in becoming a leader, he should identify qualities of some well-known leaders. (Insert an appropriate article in each blank)

(c) Breeding aims at (increase) the yield of animals and (improve) the desirable qualities of the produce. (Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms)

(d) I can never remember birthdays, I always look them up. You note them in your diary. (Fill in the blanks with must or have to) FEG-1 5 P.T.O.

(e) I had to return early. There was no one at home to receive the guests. (Combine the two sentences using an appropriate conjunction)

  1. Correct the following : 5×1=5

(a) You are going out when ?

(b) There is another way for meet this situation.

(c) The watchman run into the room with a pale face.

(d) The fact that she is not upset at the arrangement shows her tolerance.

(e) This method is useful for a means to increase productivity.

  1. Write an essay in about 200 words on any one of the given topics : 10

(a) Cleanliness is a virtue to be cultivated.

(b) Some forms of investment are sure to bring in returns.

(c) Movie making is a creative art.

(d) The environment and its conservation is the responsibility of every individual.

5.Write a dialogue of about 150 words on any one of the following situations :

As a member of the school alumni you, Karan Thapar, are very keen to help the school in some way or the other. You meet your school Principal in this regard and have a talk with her about this issue.


You wish to go on a holiday to Kerala. Talk to your travel agent and make relevant enquiries.



Feg1 june 2015

  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow :

1   Volumes have been written about the tiger and the elephant but there’s been precious little regarding the Indian rhinoceros, that armoured tank of an animal now surviving only in the, Indian terai and the north-east — and of course, in Nepal, which the book The Soul of the Rhino’ by Hemanta Mishra is all about. Like the other two animals, the rhino has been hunted for its body parts to which we have ascribed all sorts of miracle properties.

2   In Nepal the rhino was designated a “Royal Animal” back in 1846 and only the ruling family and its guests were allowed to hunt it. But the animal was at the brink of extinction when in the early 1960s, the then King Mahendra decided to do something to save the fabled terai —, at the heart of which was Chitwan, the rhino’s stronghold. But this book goes beyond just being a “Conservation” story; it is as much the story of the author’s relationship with the majestic animal and the often strange contradictions and dilemmas he faced regarding Western and Eastern attitudes towards the preservation, which forms one of the major themes of the book.

3   After studying Forestry in the Indian Forest College in Dehradun in 1965, Hemanta Mishra got a job as wildlife officer with Nepal’s Ministry of Forests. He won a scholarship to study Wildlife Management at the University of Edinburgh in 1969. In 1972 he went to Yellowstone to learn about how to deal with wildlife and people issues and conflicts. Back home that year he was invited to serve in the Royal Palace Conservation Committee, which made all the policy and operational decisions regarding wildlife conservation in Nepal. Ever since he has been the rhino’s front-man in his country.

4   His work on rhino conservation began with doing a census in Chitwan and then figuring how saving rhinos in Chitwan could be linked to reducing the poverty in the region.

(a) (i) The passage has been taken from a (report/memoir). 1

(ii) Cite the reason for the drastic fall in the rhino population in India and Nepal. 2

(iii) Find the sentence in Paragraph 2 that says that the ideas regarding preservation differed widely and were often confusing. 1

(iv) What is the significance of Chitwan ? 2

(v) Describe the training that Hemanta Mishra received to prepare him for the job of a wildlife conservator. 3

(vi) Is Hemanta Mishra’s book merely a conservation story ? Yes/No. Give reasons.

(b) Complete the statements given below.

(i) Hemanta Mishra’s conservation plan aimed to achieve two objectives. One was to save the rhino and the other was to

(ii) In Nepal the rhino was given the status of a way back in the 19thcentury.

(c) (i) Pick out the words from Paragraph 1 that mean ‘qualities that can achieve unexpectedly good results’.

(ii) Pick out the word/phrase in Paragraph 3 which means the same as ‘a representative of an organisation who deals with the public to convince them about the merits of his organisation’.


  1. Do as directed :

(a) In order to know what to do in situation like this, you need to look at rule book. (Insert appropriate articles) 2

(b) By the time the authorities (take) action, the problem would (grow) out of proportion. (Use correct form of verbs) 2

(c) Your qualifications do not match our requirements. , you have no experience as a manager. I am going to give you a chance as you have good communication skills. (Insert appropriate linkers) 2

(d) Let’s take the metro. It take much less time to reach the station. We still be able to catch our train. (Insert suitable modals) 2

(e) Regular exercise and a balanced diet is the best way to keep diseases at bay. Everyone believes this. (Combine into one sentence beginning with — It is )

  1. Correct the following sentences : 5)(7=5

(a) They rushed her to the doctor’s clinic where they made her to drink some juice to gain some energy. 1

(b) Ask him why hasn’t he paid his room rent yet.

(c) When they reached their village after the earthquake, they found their houses destroying.

(d) When I tickled the baby under its chin, it responded by a smile.

(e) In our last survey of school, lack of basic facilities was noticed.

  1. Write an essay in about 200 words on any one of the given topics : 10

(a) What men can do, women can do better

(b) Towards a healthy lifestyle

(c) The world is a much smaller place today

(d) The need for ambition in life

  1. Write a dialogue of about 150 words on any one of the following situations : 10

(a) Mrs. Nair’s new neighbour has come to her for some basic information. Mrs. Nair tells her about the places to buy necessities, about schools, markets and metro stations in the vicinity.


(b) Brim Kumar has come to office very late as usual. His boss questions him about his late-coming. Brim informs him about his wife’s illness and his increased household duties. His boss sympathizes with him but reminds him of the minimum office hours in a day. Brim Kumar offers to stay back in office for an hour every day.



Ignou FEG1 December 2014

  1. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow :

She is not an easy subject to film or write about. Sampat Pal Devi, the 54-year-old self-proclaimed ‘commander-in-chief of the `Gulabi Gang’, a group of vigilante women that operate out of Uttar Pradesh’s notorious areas of Bundelkhand, has been variously praised as an activist, a feminist, and a pioneer of sorts. It is, however, useful to ask if the kind of strategies followed by the Gulabi Gang can be continued for some time in a world where women experience violence on so many fronts.

A new documentary, “Gulabi Gang” directed by Nisha Jain tackles this difficult subject. According to her website, the group was formed spontaneously when she witnessed a farmer in her village mercilessly beat up his wife. When she tried to intervene, the man turned around and abused her. Sampat Pal collected a few women, went back to the man’s house, and thrashed him until he begged for mercy.

From that incident in 2006 was born the Gulabi Gang which now has a membership of 2,00,000. The women pay a membership fee, and are given a pink sari and a stick as a uniform. They respond to calls for help not just on violence, or dowry torture and death but also police inaction and corruption in the district administration. Their fame has spread beyond Bundelkhand.

Jain’s documentary tries to be non-judgemental, recording some of the cases that the Gulabi Gang tackles and through this bringing out the many shades of grey that layer the work as well as the issues around violence against women. For this reason alone, such documentation is important. It is much too easy to come out with pat solutions for problems facing women. Empower them, educate them, make them economically self-sufficient — then they will not have to suffer violence.

(a) (i) Give the passage an appropriate title. 2

(ii) Does the passage support the methods used by Gulabi Gang ? Why / Why not ? 2

(iii) How was the Gulabi Gang formed ? Narrate the incident in about 30 – 35 words. 3

(iv) In what way do the members of the Gulabi Gang identify themselves with the group ? 1

(v) In what instances does the Gulabi Gang intervene ? 2 (vi) What, according to the author, are ways to stop violence against women ? 2

(b) Complete the statements given below :

(i) Sampat Pal Devi, the leader of the Gulabi Gang has been referred to as an and a

(ii) It is not certain whether the strategies used by Gulabi Gang (are justified / are sustainable) in a world where women suffer violence on many fronts. 1

(c) Pick a word from the first paragraph which is used for ‘a member or a group of people who try to prevent crime or punish criminals in their community, especially because they think the police are not doing this.’ 1

  1. Do as directed :

(a) Shomen bhai (practise) organic farming for the last decade or so. The experience (be) quite profitable. (Use correct form of the verbs provided) 2

(b) I don’t remember very clearly. I (had been / certainly was / must have been) in primary school when I first (have seen / did see / saw) the Rajdhani Express train running through the fields. (Select appropriate words) 2

(c) This organisation puts up exhibitions containing the work of new artists. This way new artists get some visibility. (Combine using the linker ‘so that’) 2

(d) Donating blood is safe as long as you are donating at well-known event or Red Cross sponsored drive. (Insert appropriate articles)

(e) We must keep young children away family members who are suffering cold or flu. (Insert suitable prepositions) 2

  1. Correct the following :

(a) All the researchers are working hardly to meet the deadline as the project is coming to a close.

(b) The Himalayas form youngest mountain range in the world.

(c) Don’t never cast a doubt on a person’s abilities without giving him/her a fair chance to prove himself/herself.

(d) As the house was very old, I disposed it away.

(e) He appealed to the bystanders to help the accident victims. But he got a little help from them.

  1. Write an essay in about 200 words on any one of the given topics : 10

(a) The Mobile Phone, an essential item today

(b) The changes I would like to see in my country

(c) Clean India, Happy India

(d) The Advantages of Distance Education

  1. Write a dialogue of about 150 words on any one of the following : 10

(a) Barun has boarded an AC 3-Tier Coach with a valid ticket, but no reservation. The Travelling Ticket Inspector asks him why he has boarded the train without reservation. Barun gives him a genuine reason for doing so. The TTI offers to help him get a berth.


(b) Gurjeet is surprised when she meets her friend Sumati. Sumati looks smart and confident. She informs Gurjeet that her course in Tourism has helped her to get a job and a career. She advises Gurjeet to take up the course.